Ablation — A procedure that is used to destroy cardiac tissue or conduction pathways that may be causing heart rhythm problems. Small wires called electrodes placed inside the heart during the procedure. These wires measure electrical activity in the heart and destroys problem areas.
Angina — A symptom of coronary artery disease (CAD), angina is chest pain or discomfort when blood flow to the heart is restricted. During angina, pain or pressure can be felt in the heart,
shoulders, arms, neck, jaw or back. It may feel like indigestion.
Angioplasty — A procedure that can restore blood flow to the heart by opening blocked or narrowed coronary arteries. Angioplasty is commonly used to improve symptoms of coronary heart disease (CHD), reduce damage to the heart muscle caused by a heart attack and reduce to the risk of death in certain patients.
Aortic Aneurysm — An abnormal dilation of the aorta, aortic aneurysms can cause pain, occlusion of the blood supply to various organs, serious bleeding, or even death. There are two types of aortic aneurysms: thoracic aortic aneurysm and abdominal aortic aneurysm.
Angiography — A procedure that uses a special dye and x-rays to see how blood flows through the heart. During angiography, a catheter is passed through an artery and up into the heart. Dye is injected into the catheter and x-ray images are taken to see how the dye moves through the artery.
Arrhythmia — A disorder of the heart’s electrical system indicated by a heart rate that is either too slow or too fast. The four main types of arrhythmia are premature (extra) beats, supraventricular, arrhythmias, ventricular arrhythmias, and bradyarrhythmias.
Atherosclerosis — A condition that occurs when fat, cholesterol, and other substances build up in the walls of arteries and form hard structures called plaques. Atherosclerosis can cause heart attack, stroke, or even death.
Atrial Fibrillation (AF) — A common type of arrhythmia in which the heart rhythm is fast and irregular. People who suffer from AF may not know it; however, if left untreated, there is a higher risk of stroke or heart failure.
Coronary Artery Disease (CAD) — A type of heart disease that occurs when a buildup of cholesterol and other fats, calcium and elements (plaque) build up inside the coronary arteries. Plaque forms in the arteries over many years in a process called atherosclerosis.
Electrocardiogram (ECG/EKG) — A painless test that records changes in the electrical activity of the heart. An EKG is used to access heart rhythm, diagnose blood flow to the heart, diagnose a heart attack, and evaluate heart abnormalities.
Electrophysiology Study (EP Study) — An invasive, cardiac catheterization procedure that records the electrical activity of the heart. An EP Study is preformed to determine the cause of abnormal heart rhythm, to locate the site of an abnormal heart rhythm, and to choose appropriate treatment.
Hypertrophic Cardiomyopathy — A disease in which the heart muscle becomes
abnormally thick, making it harder for the heart to pump blood. Hypertrophic
cardiomyopathy can lead to heart failure or cardiac arrhythmias.
Mitral stenosis — A condition that occurs when the mitral valve does not open properly, causing blood flow to be blocked from the left ventricle. The main cause of mitral valve stenosis is rheumatic fever.
Pulmonary valve stenosis — A condition in which blood flow from the heart to the lungs is slowed by a deformed pulmonary valve, or a deformity above or below the valve. This defect occurs when the unborn baby (fetus) is developing.
Supraventricular Tachycardia — Rapid rhythm of the heart that begins in the atria. Symptoms of supraventricular tachycardia include: palpitations, lightheadedness, dizziness, loss of consciousness, chest pain, and shortness of breath.
Ventricular Fibrillation (VF) — An extremely rapid heart rhythm originating in the ventricles. VF causes immediate loss of consciousness and can be life threatening. It is the most common cause of sudden death.